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Adopted on the 10th day of June 1999

A. Name. The name of the Association is the INTERNATIONAL BIOTHERAPY SOCIETY (the Charity).

B. Administration.Subject to the matters set out below the Charity and its property shall be administered and managed in acordance with this constitution by the members of the Executive Committee, constituted by clause G of this constitution (the Executive Committee)

C. Objects. The Charity's objects (the objects) are: To advance the education of the public, and particularly medical practitioners, in the harnessing and use of naturally available resources, in modern medicine. This could include, for example, the clinical use of certain organisms, such as bees, leeches and blowfly larvae, and their products.

D. Powers. In furtherance of the objects but not otherwise the Executive Committee may exercise the following powers: (i) power to raise funds, and to invite and receive contributions, provided that in raising funds the Executive Committee shall not undertake any substantial permanent trading activities, and shall conform to any relevant requirements of the law. (ii) power to buy, take on lease or in exchange, any property necessary for the achievement of the objects, and to maintain and equip it for use. (iii) power subject to any consents required by law to sell, lease or dispose of, all or any part of the property of the Charity. (iv) power subject to any consents required by law to borrow money, and to change all or any part of the property of the Charity with repayment of the money so borrowed. (v) power to employ such staff (who shall not be members of the Executive Committee) as are necessary for the proper pursuit of the objects, and to make all reasonable and necessary provision for the payments of pensions and superannuation for staff and their dependants. (vi) power to co-operate with other charities, voluntary bodies and statutory authorities operating in furtherance of the objects, or of similar charitable purposes, and to exchange information and advice with them. (vii) power to establish or support any charitable trusts, associations or institutions for all or any of the objects. (viii) power to appoint and constitute such advisory committees as the Executive Committee may think fit. (ix) power to establish laboratory techniques for the controlled handling of organisms, to the highest standards of medical practice, including their safe distribution for clinical use, both in normal conditions and in emergency situations. (x) power to provide an advisory service on all aspects of the clinical use of biotherapeutic material, both in hospital and in the community, to ensure that the highest standards of clinical care are maintained. (xi) power to establish a communications network, whereby clinical results can be reported, collated, and audited, with the early reporting of undesirable side effects or complications of treatment, so that appropriate remedial action can be taken. (xii) power to foster the development of biotherapeutic treatment methods in other parts of the world. Once established in developed countries, they would be offered to medically underprovided countries, modified to their economic and social situations. (xiii) power to establish training programmes, scientific meetings, seminars, workshops and laboratory visits, to be offered to all medical and paramedical personnel who would be involved in laboratory or clinical handling of biotherapeutic material. (xiv) power to do all such other lawful things as are necessary for the achievement of the objects.

E. Membership (1) Membership of the Charity shall be open to: (i) individuals (over the age of 18 years) who are interested in furthering the work of the Charity, and who have paid any annual subscription laid down from time to time by the Executive Committee, and (ii) any body, corporate or unincorporated association which is interested in furthering the Charity's work, and has paid any annual subscription (any such body being called in this constitution a member organisation). (2) Every member shall have one vote. (3) Each member organisation shall appoint an individual to represent it, and to vote on its behalf, at meetings of the Charity; and may appoint an alternate to replace its appointed representative, at any meeting of the Charity, if the appointed representative is unable to attend. (4) Each member organisation shall notify the name of the representative appointed by it, and of any alternate, to the Secretary. If the representative or alternate resigns from, or otherwise leaves, the member organisation, he or she shall forthwith cease to be the representative of the member organisation. (5) The Executive Committee may unanimously and for good reason terminate the membership of any individual or member organisation: Provided that the individual concerned, or the appointed representative of the member organisation concerned (as the case may be), shall have the right to be heard by the Executive Committee, accompanied by a friend, before a final decision is made.

F. Honorary Officers At the annual general meeting of the Charity the members shall elect from amongst themselves a President, a Secretary and a Treasurer, who shall hold office from the conclusion of that meeting.

G. Executive Committee (1) The Executive Committee shall consist of not less than 6 members nor more than 15 members being: (a) The honorary officers specified in the preceding clause; (b) not less than 1 and not more than 9 members elected at the annual general meeting, who shall hold office from the conclusion of that meeting; (c) nominated members appointed as follows: Vice-President, Past President (2) The Executive Committee may, in addition, appoint co-opted members, provided that no-one may be appointed as a co-opted member if, as a result, more than one third of the members of the Executive Committee would be co-opted members. Each appointment of a co-opted member shall be made at a special meeting of the Executive Committee called under clause J (1), and shall take effect from the end of that meeting, unless the appointment is to fill a place which has not then been vacated, in which case the appointment shall run from the date when the post becomes vacant. (3) All the members of the Executive Committee shall retire from office together at the end of the annual general meeting next after the date on which they came into office, but they may be re-elected or appointed. (4) The proceedings of the Executive Committee shall not be invalidated by any vacancy among their number, or by any failure to appoint or any defect in the appointment or qualification of a member. (5) Nobody shall be appointed as a member of the Executive Committee who is aged under 18, or who would if appointed be disqualified under the provisions of the following clause. (6) No person shall be entitled to act as a member of the Executive Committee, whether on a first or any subsequent entry into office after signing in the minute book of the Executive Committee a declaration of acceptance and of willingness to act in the trusts of the Charity.

H. Determination of Membership of Executive Committee Member of the Executive Committee shall cease to hold office if he or she (1) is disqualified from acting as a member of the Executive Committee by virtue of section 45 of the Charities Act 1992 (or any statutory re-enactment or modification of that provision). (2) becomes incapable by reason of mental disorder, illness or injury, of managing and administering his or her own affairs. (3) is absent without the permission of the Executive Committee from all their meetings held within a period of six months, and the Executive Committee resolve that his or her office be vacated, or (4) notifies to the Executive Committee a wish to resign (but only if at least three members of the Executive Committee will remain if office when the notice of resignation is to take effect).

I. Executive Committee Member not to be personally interested (1) [Subject to the provisions of sub-clause (2) of this clause] no member of the Executive shall acquire any interest in property belonging to the Charity (otherwise than as a trustee for the Charity) or receive remuneration or be interested (other than as a member of the Executive Committee) in any contract entered into by the Executive Committee.[(2) Any member of the Executive Committee for the time being who is a solicitor, accountant or other person engaged in a profession may charge and be paid all the usual professional charges for business done by him or her or his or her firm when instructed by the other members of the Executive Committee to act in a professional capacity on behalf of the Charity: Provided that at no time shall a majority of the members of the Executive Committee benefit under this provision and that a member of the Executive Committee shall withdraw from any meeting at which his or her own instruction or remuneration, or that of his or her firm, is under discussion.]

J. Meetings and proceedings of the Executive Committee (1) The Executive Committee shall hold at least one ordinary meeting each year. A special meeting may be called at any time by the President, or by any two members of the Executive Committee, upon not less than 4 days notice being given to the other members of the Executive Committee of the matters to be discussed, but if the matters include an appointment of a co-opted member then not less than 21 days notice must be given. (2) The President shall act as chairman at meetings of the Executive Committee. If the President is absent from any meeting, the members of the Executive Committee present shall choose one of their number to be chairman of the meeting, before any other business is transacted. (3) There shall be a quorum when at least one third of the number of members of the Executive Committee for the time being, or three members of the Executive Committee, which ever is the greater, are present at a meeting. (4) Every matter shall be determined by a majority of votes of the members of the Executive Committee present and voting on the question, but in the case of equality of votes the chairman of the meeting shall have a second or casting vote. (5) The Executive Committee shall keep minutes, in books kept for the purpose, of the proceedings at meetings of the Executive Committee and any sub-committee. (6) The Executive Committee may from time to time make and alter rules for the conduct of their business, the summoning and conduct of their meetings and the custody of documents. No rule may be made which is inconsistent with this constitution. (7) The Executive Committee may appoint one or more sub-committees, consisting of three or more members of the Executive Committee, for the purpose of making any enquiry, or supervising or performing any function or duty, which in the opinion of the Executive Committee would be more conveniently undertaken or carried out by a sub-committee: provided that all acts and proceedings of any such sub-committee shall be fully and promptly reported to the Executive Committee.

K. Receipts and expenditure (1) The funds of the Charity, including all donations contributions and bequests, shall be paid into an account operated by the Executive Committee in the name of the Charity, at such bank as the Executive Committee shall from time to time decide. All cheques drawn on the account must be signed by at least two members of the Executive Committee. (2) The funds belonging to the Charity shall be applied only in furthering the objects.

L. Property (1) Subject to the privisions of sub-clause (2) of this clause, the Executive Committee shall cause the title to: (a) all land held by or in trust for the charity which is not vested in the Official Custodian for Charities; and (b) all investments held by or on behalf of the charity;to be vested either in a corporation entitled to act as custodian trustee, or in not less than three individuals appointed by them as holding trustees. Holding trustees may be removed by the Executive Committee at their pleasure, and shall act in accordance with the lawful directions of the Executive Committee. Provided they act only in accordance with the lawful directions of the Executive Committee, the holding trustees shall not be liable for the acts and defaults of its members. (2) If a corporation entitled to act as custodian trustee has not been appointed to hold the property of the Charity, the Executive Committee may permit any investments held by or in trust for the Charity to be held in the name of a clearing bank, trust corporation or any stockbroking company which is a member of the International Stock Exchange (or any subsidiary of any such stockbroking company) as nominee for the Executive Committee, and may pay such a nominee reasonable and proper remuneration for acting as such.

M. Accounts The Executive Committee shall comply with the obligation under the Charities Act 1992 (or any statutory re-enactment or modification of that Act) with regard to: (1) the keeping of accounting records for the Charity; (2) the preparation of annual statements of account for the Charity; (3) the auditing or independent examination of the statements of account of the Charity; and (4) the transmission of the statements of account of the Charity to the Commissioners.

N. Annual Reports The Executive Committee shall comply with their obligations under the Charities Act 1992 (or any statutory re-enactment or modification of that Act) with regard to the preparation of an annual report and its transmission to the Commissioners.

O. Annual Return The Executive Committee shall comply with their obligations under the Charities Act 1992 (or any statutory re-enactment or modification of that Act) with regard to the preparation of an annual return and its transmission to the Commissioners.

P. Annual General Meeting (1) There shall be an annual general meeting of the Charity which shall be held in the month of April of each year or as soon as practicable thereafter. (2) Every annual general meeting shall be called by the Executive Committee. The Secretary shall give at least 21 days to all members of the Charity. All the members of the Charity shall be entitled to attend and vote at the meeting. (3) Before any other business is transacted at the first annual general meeting the persons present shall appoint a chairman of the meeting. The President shall be chairman of subsequent annual general meetings, but if he or she is not present, before any other business is transacted, the persons present shall appoint a chairman for the meeting. (4) The Executive Committee shall present to each annual general meeting the report and accounts of the Charity for the preceding year. (5) Nominations for election of the Executive Committee must be made by members of the Charity in writing and must be in the hands of the Secretary of the Executive Committee at least 14 days before the annual general meeting. Should nominations exceed vacancies, election shall be by ballot.

Q. Special General Meetings The Executive Committee may call a special general meeting of the Charity at any time. If at least ten members request such a meeting in writing stating the business to be considered the Secretary shall call such a meeting. At least 21 days notice must be given. The notice must state the business to be discussed.

R. Procedure at General Meetings (1) The Secretary or other person specially appointed by the Executive Committee shall keep a full record of proceedings at every general meeting of the Charity. (2) There shall be a quorum when at least one tenth of the number of members of the Charity for the time being, or ten members of the Charity, whichever is the greater, are present at any general meeting.

S. Notices Any notice required to be served on any member of the Charity shall be in writing and shall be served by the Secretary or the Executive Committee on any member, either personally or by sending it through the post, in a prepaid letter addressed to such member at his or her last known address, and any letter so sent shall be deemed to have been received within 14 days of posting.

T. Alterations to the Constitution (1)Subject to the following provisions of this clause the Constitution may be altered by a resolution passed by not less than two thirds of the members present and voting at a general meeting. The notice of the general meeting must include notice of the resolution, setting out the terms of alteration proposed. (2) No amendment may be made to clause A (the name of the Charity clause), clause C (the objects clause), clause I (the Executive Committee members not to be personally interested clause), clause U (the dissolution clause) or this clause without the prior consent in writing of the Commissioners. (3) No amendment may be made which would have the effect of making the Charity cease to be a charity at law. (4) The Executive Committee should promptly send to the Commissioners a copy of any amendment made under this clause.

U. Dissolution If the Executive Committee decides that it is necessary or advisable to dissolve the Charity it shall call a meeting of all members of the Charity, of which not less than 21 days notice (stating the terms of the resolution to be proposed) shall be given. If the proposal is confirmed by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting, the Executive Committee shall have power to realise any assets held by, or on behalf of, the Charity. Any assets remaining after the satisfaction of any proper debts and liabilities shall be given or transferred to such other charitable institution or institutions having objects similar to the objects of the Charity as the members of the Charity may determine, or failing that, shall be applied for some other charitable purpose. A copy of the statement of accounts, or account and statement, for the final accounting period of the Charity must be sent to the Commissioners.

V. Adoption of amended constitution This amended constitution was adopted, on the date above, by the persons whose signatures appear at the bottom of this document.

Signed: Names in CAPITALS: Signatures from: KOSTA Y. MUMCUOGLU (PRESIDENT), JOHN C. T. CHURCH (TREASURER AND PAST PRESIDENT), ANDREW JARVIS (SECRETARY), OLGA GILYOVA (REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE), CARITA HANSSEN (REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE) AND ANDREA ANDREWS (COMMITTEE MEMBER). June 29, 2000.



Copyright 2007 Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Last modified: 01/01/07